Celdas de Cambio de Tensión

Sigra puede fabricar celdas de cambio de tensión por encargo especial, las cuales son dispositivos que están cimentados dentro de una masa rocosa para medir los cambios de tensión en su interior. Son tubulares y están ajustados dentro de un tubo tremie (tubo cimentado). La lechada se bombea a través de estos dispositivos, dentro del anillo del agujero y alrededor del transductor. La lechada de cimentación bloquea el transductor situado dentro del pozo mediante expansión posterior a la configuración inicial. Esto carga activamente el transductor a través de la lechada hasta la pared del pozo. Los tipos de celdas de cambio de tensión que se pueden fabricar son:

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  • Celda con deformación axial que utiliza medidores de deformación de hilo vibrante
  • Celda axial y biaxial con  medidores de deformación de hilo vibrante
  • Celda completamente triaxial con medidores de deformación por resistencia (galgas extensiométricas)

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stress_change_cell_installation_1Sigra undertakes stress change monitoring in rocks. This may be undertaken for reservoir monitoring or mining purposes. In combination with stress_change_cell_installation_1fluid pressure monitoring, it is a powerful tool to determine what is happening in the ground.

Sigra’s installation process involves grouting a stress change cell into a borehole.

Where only the vertical stress change is required, the cell is fitted with axial vibrating wire strain gauges and requires no orientation. Its installation is relatively low cost.

Where full three dimensional stress changes are required the stress change cell is hollow and strain gauged. It has on-board electronics which sample from the gauges and built-in magnetometers and accelerometers. The tool communicates via an umbilical wire. The grout that must be used with this tool is of a special design that pre-loads the cell, thus the device can be used to monitor stress increases or decrease. In this case the cells are costly and great care must be exercised to install them correctly.

An intermediate cost device may be used to give biaxial and uniaxial stress change information. This comprises a cell with four transverse vibrating wire strain gauges and an axial vibrating wire strain gauge. It may be orientated through dropping a survey tool on to a mule shoe arrangement in the back of the grout tube prior to grouting.

For all the cells, excessive ground movement will lead to shearing of the connecting cable and loss of data. They are, therefore, unsuitable for long term monitoring where goafs may form and associated large settlements occur.